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Health Promot Perspect. 2022;12(2): 141-150.
doi: 10.34172/hpp.2022.18
PMID: 36276421
PMCID: PMC9508393
  Abstract View: 184
  PDF Download: 135

Systematic Review

Interventions to improve social support among postpartum mothers: A systematic review

Foruzan Sharifipour 1 ORCID logo, Mojgan Javadnoori 2, Zahra Behboodi Moghadam 3, Mahin Najafian 4, Bahman Cheraghian 5, Zahra Abbaspoor 2* ORCID logo

1 Reproductive Health Promotion Research Center, Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Reproductive Health Promotion Research Center, Department of Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
3 School of Nursing & Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Fertility Infertility and Perinatology Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
5 Alimentary Tract Research Center, Clinical Sciences Research Institute, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, school of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Corresponding Author: Zahra Abbaspoor, Email: , Email: Abbaspoor_z762@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background: Poor and insufficient social support to the mother in the post-partum period impairs the effective functioning of her new role as a mother, and it is an important risk factor for the maternal depression and stress after childbirth. Thus, interventions to improve social support to mothers in their postpartum period are required. The present review aimed to investigate the effectiveness of the existing interventions aimed at improving social support among postpartum women.

Methods: In this systematic review, PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, EMBASE, Google Scholar, IranDoc, IranMedex, MagIran and SID were searched until January 2022. Full-text articles on the social support outcome, published in English or Persian, which used the design of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or comparison groups and involved postpartum or pregnant women as participants were included. The quality of the studies was assessed based on the seven criteria offered by Cochrane guidelines.

Results: Our review included 10 studies involving 3328 women. According to our results, the following interventions were successful in increasing social support compared to the controlled conditions: counseling with men in the prenatal period, interventions based on interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), advanced practice nurse (APN), internet support, and home visiting in the postpartum period.

Conclusion: These interventions could be provided to mothers during their prenatal or postpartum care. However, which one of these interventions is the most effective in improving social support among postpartum mothers was not identified in the present study.

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Submitted: 26 Dec 2021
Revision: 23 Jan 2022
Accepted: 15 May 2022
ePublished: 20 Aug 2022
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