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Submitted: 26 Jul 2019
Accepted: 04 Sep 2019
ePublished: 24 Oct 2019
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2019. 2019;9(4): 314-318.
doi: 10.15171/hpp.2019.43
  Abstract View: 38
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Short Communication

Acute exercise and mindfulness meditation on learning and memory: randomized controlled intervention

Malina Austin 1, Paul D. Loprinzi 1 * ORCID logo

1 Exercise & Memory Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, The University of Mississippi, University, MS 38677

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the potential combined effects of acute exercise and mindfulness mediation on episodic memory.

Methods: All data collection occurred in the authors’ laboratory (January to May of 2019). In this three-arm, within-subject design, participants (N=20; Mage=21.6 years) completed three counterbalanced laboratory visits, including Exercise Only, Exercise + Meditation and Control. Learning and memory were assessed from a word-list task. A one-factor repeated-measures ANOVA was computed for two memory outcomes, including the learning outcome (average performance across the 6 trials) and the long-term memory recall (10-minute delay). Results: The exercise conditions had a greater learning effect when compared to the Control visit, Mdiff = 0.68 (95% CI: 0.10, 1.25), P = 0.02. The Exercise + Memory visit had better longterm memory when compared to Exercise Only, Mdiff = 0.95 (95% CI: 0.07, 1.83), P = 0.03.

Conclusion: The present experiment provides suggestive evidence that acute exercise may enhance learning and, when coupling acute exercise prior to encoding with meditation during early consolidation, long-term memory may be enhanced.

Keywords: Awareness, Cognition, Exercise, Meta-cognition
Citation: Austin M, Loprinzi PD. Acute exercise and mindfulness meditation on learning and memory: randomized controlled intervention.Health Promot Perspect. 2019;9(4):314-318. doi: 10.15171/hpp.2019.43.
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