Health Promot Perspect. 2020;10(3): 257-269. doi: 10.34172/hpp.2020.40
PMID: 32802763        PMCID: PMC7420175

Original Article

Communicating health crisis: a content analysis of global media framing of COVID-19

Jude Nwakpoke Ogbodo 1,2 * ORCID, Emmanuel Chike Onwe 1,2, Joseph Chukwu 3,2, Chinedu Jude Nwasum 3,2, Ekwutosi Sanita Nwakpu 3, Simon Ugochukwu Nwankwo 1,2, Samuel Nwamini 1,2, Stephen Elem 1,2, Nelson Iroabuchi Ogbaeja 1,2

Cited by CrossRef: 58

1- Afrin R, Harun A, Prybutok G, Prybutok V. Framing of COVID-19 in Newspapers: A Perspective from the US-Mexico Border. Healthcare. 2022;10(12):2362 [Crossref]
2- Ashworth E, Hunt A, Chopra J, Eames C, Putwain D, Duffy K, Kirkby J, McLoughlin S, Saini P. Adolescents’ Lockdown-Induced Coping Experiences (ALICE) Study: A Qualitative Exploration of Early Adolescents’ Experiences of Lockdown and Reintegration. The Journal of Early Adolescence. 2022;42(4):514 [Crossref]
3- Abu Sabbah E, Eqylan S, Al-Maharma D, Thekrallah F, Safadi R. Fears and uncertainties of expectant mothers during the COVID-19 pandemic: trying to reclaim control. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being. 2022;17(1) [Crossref]
4- Tuñón-Navarro J, López-Álvarez S. Marcos comunicativos en la estrategia online de los partidos políticos europeos durante la crisis del coronavirus: una mirada poliédrica a la extrema derecha. EPI. 2022; [Crossref]
5- Wong J, Yang J, Liu Z. It’s the Thoughts That Count: How Psychological Distance and Affect Heuristic Influence Support for Aid Response Measures During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Health Communication. 2022;:1 [Crossref]
6- van Loenhout J, Aujoulat I, Van den Broucke S. Use and perception of information sources on COVID-19 measures by citizens of Belgium. Front Commun. 2022;7 [Crossref]
7- Gomez Jr. J. That other pandemic: COVID-19 as Bogeyman and the rise of urban dystopias. City. 2022;:1 [Crossref]
8- Balconi M, Sansone M, Angioletti L. Consumers in the Face of COVID-19-Related Advertising: Threat or Boost Effect?. Front Psychol. 2022;13 [Crossref]
9- TURANCI E. Covid-19 Sağlık Krizi Gazete Haberlerinin Salgının Seyri Kapsamında Analizi. 2021;16(2):119 [Crossref]
10- Gong J, Firdaus A. Is the Pandemic a Boon or a Bane? News Media Coverage of COVID-19 in China Daily. Journalism Practice. 2022;:1 [Crossref]
11- Xi Y, Chen A, Ng A, Sarker M. Conditional transparency: Differentiated news framings of COVID-19 severity in the pre-crisis stage in China. PLoS ONE. 2021;16(5):e0252062 [Crossref]
12- Kaur M, Tsangaris E, Dey T, Deibert S, Kueper J, Edelen M, Pusic A. Using patient-reported outcome measures to assess psychological well-being in non-representative US general population during the COVID-19 pandemic. J Patient Rep Outcomes. 2022;6(1) [Crossref]
13- Zavattaro S, Entress R, Tyler J, Sadiq A. When Deaths Are Dehumanized: Deathcare During COVID-19 as a Public Value Failure. Administration & Society. 2021;53(9):1443 [Crossref]
14- Budaev S. Safety and Reverence: How Roman Catholic Liturgy can Respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. SSRN Journal. 2020; [Crossref]
15- Chapot L, Whatford L, Compston P, Tak M, Cuevas S, Garza M, Bennani H, Bin Aslam H, Hennessey M, Limon G, Queenan K, Fournié G, Dadios N, Häsler B. A Global Media Analysis of the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Chicken Meat Food Systems: Key Vulnerabilities and Opportunities for Building Resilience. Sustainability. 2021;13(16):9435 [Crossref]
16- Siekiera R, Szews P. News frames and differences in their application according to the author’s beliefs. Polish conservative vs. liberal press on the protests against tightening the abortion law. Atlantic Journal of Communication. 2022;:1 [Crossref]
17- Leder Mackley K, Jewitt C. Sociotechnical imaginaries of remote personal touch before and during COVID-19: An analysis of UK newspapers. New Media & Society. 2022;:146144482211139 [Crossref]
18- Demkowicz O, Ashworth E, O’Neill A, Hanley T, Pert K. “Will My Young Adult Years be Spent Socially Distancing?”: A Qualitative Exploration of Adolescents’ Experiences During the COVID-19 UK Lockdown. Journal of Adolescent Research. 2022;:074355842210971 [Crossref]
19- Matthes J, Corbu N, Jin S, Theocharis Y, Schemer C, van Aelst P, Strömbäck J, Koc-Michalska K, Esser F, Aalberg T, Cardenal A, Castro L, de Vreese C, Hopmann D, Sheafer T, Splendore S, Stanyer J, Stępińska A, Štětka V, Zoizner A. Perceived prevalence of misinformation fuels worries about COVID-19: a cross-country, multi-method investigation. Information, Communication & Society. 2022;:1 [Crossref]
20- Zhang Z. Contesting legitimacy in China’s crisis communication: a framing analysis of reported social actors engaging in SARS and COVID-19. Chinese Journal of Communication. 2022;15(2):182 [Crossref]
21- Wasserman H, Chuma W, Bosch T, Uzuegbunam C, Flynn R. South African newspaper coverage of COVID-19: A content analysis. Journal of African Media Studies. 2021;13(3):333 [Crossref]
22- Lee G, Lee J. Analysis of "social distancing" news during the second COVID-19 wave : Focusing on featured news selected by the newsrooms using deep learning. kjjcs. 2021;65(6):249 [Crossref]
23- Stepanov I, Komendantova N. Analyzing Russian Media Policy on Promoting Vaccination and Other COVID-19 Risk Mitigation Measures. Front Public Health. 2022;10 [Crossref]
24- Beliga S, Martinčić-Ipšić S, Matešić M, Petrijevčanin Vuksanović I, Meštrović A. Infoveillance of the Croatian Online Media During the COVID-19 Pandemic: One-Year Longitudinal Study Using Natural Language Processing. JMIR Public Health Surveill. 2021;7(12):e31540 [Crossref]
25- Pennington M. Foucault and Hayek on public health and the road to serfdom. Public Choice. 2021; [Crossref]
26- YILDIRIM F. İletişim çalışmaları ve psikoloji birlikteliğinin günümüzdeki önemi: Covid-19 pandemisi sürecinde öğrendiklerimiz ve gelecek araştırmalar için öneriler. 2021; [Crossref]
27- Yousaf M, Hassan Raza S, Mahmood N, Core R, Zaman U, Malik A. Immunity debt or vaccination crisis? A multi-method evidence on vaccine acceptance and media framing for emerging COVID-19 variants. Vaccine. 2022;40(12):1855 [Crossref]
28- Chatibura D. Travellers’ top comments during the COVID-19 pandemic in Botswana. Research in Hospitality Management. 2020;10(2):123 [Crossref]
29- Camerini A, Albanese E, Marciano L. The impact of screen time and green time on mental health in children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic. Computers in Human Behavior Reports. 2022;7:100204 [Crossref]
30- Chen S. Reporting in a Time of Crisis: Progressive Alternative Media’s Coverage of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Canada. Journalism Practice. 2022;:1 [Crossref]
31- Neureiter A, Stubenvoll M, Kaskeleviciute R, Matthes J. Trust in Science, Perceived Media Exaggeration About COVID-19, and Social Distancing Behavior. Front Public Health. 2021;9 [Crossref]
32- Joffe A. COVID-19: Rethinking the Lockdown Groupthink. Front Public Health. 2021;9 [Crossref]
33- Pratama A, Firmansyah F. COVID-19 mass media coverage in English and public reactions: a West-East comparison via Facebook posts. 2022;8:e1111 [Crossref]
34- Yücel A. Symbolic annihilation of Syrian refugees by Turkish news media during the COVID-19 pandemic. Int J Equity Health. 2021;20(1) [Crossref]
35- Budaev S. Safety and Reverence: How Roman Catholic Liturgy Can Respond to the COVID-19 Pandemic. J Relig Health. 2021;60(4):2331 [Crossref]
36- Chmel K, Klimova A, Savin N, Nishi A. The effect of risk framing on support for restrictive government policy regarding the COVID-19 outbreak. PLoS ONE. 2021;16(10):e0258132 [Crossref]
37- Schippers M, Martins Van Jaarsveld G. Optimizing Decision-Making Processes in Times of Covid-19: Using Reflexivity to Counteract Information Processing Failures. SSRN Journal. 2020; [Crossref]
38- Jaspal R, Nerlich B. Social representations of COVID-19 skeptics: denigration, demonization, and disenfranchisement. Politics, Groups, and Identities. 2022;:1 [Crossref]
39- Dolan P, Henwood A. Five Steps Towards Avoiding Narrative Traps in Decision-Making. Front Psychol. 2021;12 [Crossref]
40- Hossain A, Wahab J, Khan M. A Computer-Based Text Analysis of Al Jazeera, BBC, and CNN News Shares on Facebook: Framing Analysis on Covid-19 Issues. SAGE Open. 2022;12(1):215824402110684 [Crossref]
41- Chepurnaya A. Framing in Crisis Communication (Based on the US Government’s Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic). FN. 2022;(8):2672 [Crossref]
42- Adini B, Cohen Y, Spitz A. The Relationship between Religious Beliefs and Attitudes towards Public Health Infection Prevention Measures among an Ultra-Orthodox Jewish Population during the COVID-19 Pandemic. IJERPH. 2022;19(5):2988 [Crossref]
43- Schäfer S, Greber H, Sülflow M, Lecheler S. A Matter of Perspective: An Experimental Study on Potentials of Constructive Journalism for Communicating a Crisis. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly. 2022;:107769902210957 [Crossref]
44- Holt L, Kjærvik S, Bushman B. Harming and Shaming through Naming: Examining Why Calling the Coronavirus the “COVID-19 Virus,” Not the “Chinese Virus,” Matters. Media Psychology. 2022;25(5):639 [Crossref]
45- Tahamtan I, Potnis D, Mohammadi E, Miller L, Singh V. Framing of and Attention to COVID-19 on Twitter: Thematic Analysis of Hashtags. J Med Internet Res. 2021;23(9):e30800 [Crossref]
46- Sun X, Cheung Y. Portrayal of China in Online News Headlines: A Framing and Syntactic Analysis. Journalism Studies. 2022;:1 [Crossref]
47- Thirumaran K, Mohammadi Z, Pourabedin Z, Azzali S, Sim K. COVID-19 in Singapore and New Zealand: Newspaper portrayal, crisis management. Tourism Management Perspectives. 2021;38:100812 [Crossref]
48- Yun E, Kim J, Byun H, Lee G. Topic Modeling and Keyword Network Analysis of News Articles Related to Nurses before and after “the Thanks to You Challenge” during the COVID-19 Pandemic. J Korean Acad Nurs. 2021;51(4):442 [Crossref]
49- Yeo S, Phua D, Hong Y. The Effects of Dangerous World Beliefs on COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors in Singapore: The Moderating Role of Public Health Communication. International Journal of Strategic Communication. 2022;16(3):485 [Crossref]
50- Parry K, Clarkson B, Bowes A, Grubb L, Rowe D. Media Framing of Women’s Football During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Communication & Sport. 2021;:216747952110410 [Crossref]
51- Cleofas J, Oducado R. Optimistic but tired of hearing about COVID: optimism as a predictor of COVID-19 information and behavioral fatigue among Filipino youth. The Social Science Journal. 2021;:1 [Crossref]
52- Kenix L, Bolanos Lopez J. A thematic exploration of three countries’ government communication during the COVID-19 crisis and corresponding media coverage. Communication Research and Practice. 2022;8(1):36 [Crossref]
53- KARLI İ, DONDURUCU Z. Eleştirel Söylem Çözümlemesi Bağlamında Fox News ve CNN’in COVID-19 Salgınında Twitter Kullanımının Analizi. 2020; [Crossref]
54- Li R. Fear of COVID-19: What Causes Fear and How Individuals Cope with It. Health Communication. 2022;37(13):1563 [Crossref]
55- Mortazavi F, Ghardashi F. The lived experiences of pregnant women during COVID-19 pandemic: a descriptive phenomenological study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2021;21(1) [Crossref]
56- Steffen J, Cheng J. The influence of gain-loss framing and its interaction with political ideology on social distancing and mask wearing compliance during the COVID-19 pandemic. Curr Psychol. 2021; [Crossref]
57- Kim H, Cho Y, Youn N. COVID-19 Uncertainty and Temporal Framing in Advertising for Online Experiential Consumption. Journal of Advertising. 2021;50(3):280 [Crossref]
58- Okorie N. Social Media Messaging, Fake News, and COVID-19 outbreak in Lagos, Nigeria. ONLINE J COMMUN MEDIA TECHNOL. 2022;12(4):e202225 [Crossref]
59- Gupta M, Keshri V, Konwar P, Cox K, Jagnoor ,. Media coverage of COVID-19 health information in India: a content analysis. 2022;37(2) [Crossref]
60- Turkmendag I, Liaw Y. Maternal epigenetic responsibility: what can we learn from the pandemic?. Med Health Care and Philos. 2022;25(3):483 [Crossref]
61- Schippers M, Rus D. Optimizing Decision-Making Processes in Times of COVID-19: Using Reflexivity to Counteract Information-Processing Failures. Front Psychol. 2021;12 [Crossref]
62- Wollnik S. The societal importance of journalistic health reporting on the COVID-19 pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa: Impressions from science and health journalism organizations. journal of african media studies. 2021;13(2):139 [Crossref]
63- Chari T, Akpojivi U. Media and global pandemics: Continuities and discontinuities. Journal of African Media Studies. 2021;13(3):305 [Crossref]

Indexing and Abstracting

Image result for esci

  Image result for scopus

     Linked in Profile

   Academia Profile

Officially associated with

The Iranian Health Education & Promotion Association



Publication Advantages

Free of charge publication

Open access 

Fast and constructive peer review

Easy and fast online submission