2022: Two-year Impact Factor: 4.4
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Open Access

Health Promot Perspect. 2023;13(4): 308-315.
doi: 10.34172/hpp.2023.36
PMID: 38235011
PMCID: PMC10790124
  Abstract View: 371
  PDF Download: 437

Original Article

Relationships between physical activity and other health-related measures using state-based prevalence estimates

Peter D. Hart 1,2,3* ORCID logo, Nestor Asiamah 4, Getu Teferi 5, Ivan Uher 6

1 Glenville State University, Glenville, WV 26351, USA
2 Health Promotion Research, Havre, Montana, USA
3 Kinesmetrics Lab, Tallahassee, Florida, USA
4 School of Health and Social Care, University of Essex, Colchester, UK
5 Department of Sports Science, Debremarkos University, Debremarkos, Ethiopia
6 Institute of Physical Education and Sport, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University, 040 01 Košice, Slovakia
*Corresponding Author: Peter D. Hart, Email: pdhart@outlook.com


Background: Both physical activity and muscle-strengthening activity have known relationships with other health-related variables such as alcohol and tobacco use, diet, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The purpose of this study was to explore and quantify the associations between physical activity measures and health-related variables at the higher state level.

Methods: This cross-sectional study used data from the 2017 and 2019 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys. State-based prevalence (%) estimates were computed for meeting physical activity guidelines (PA), meeting muscle-strengthening activity guidelines (MS), both PA and MS (MB), drinking alcohol (D1), heavy alcohol drinking (HD), fruit consumption (F1), vegetable consumption (V1), good self-rated health (GH), overweight (OW), obesity (OB), current smoking (SN), and smokeless tobacco use (SL). Descriptive statistics, correlation coefficients, and data visualization methods were employed.

Results: Strongest associations were seen between PA and F1 (2017: r=0.717 & 2019: r=0.695), MS and OB (2017: r=-0.781 & 2019: r=-0.599), PA and GH (2017: r=0.631 & 2019: r=0.649), PA and OB (2017: r=-0.645 & 2019: r=-0.763), and MB and SN (2017: r=-0.713 & 2019: r=-0.645). V1 was associated only with PA (2017: r=0.335 & 2019: r=0.357) whereas OW was not associated only with PA. Canonical correlation analysis showed the physical activity variables were directly related (r c=0.884, P<0.001) to the health variables.

Conclusion: This study used high-level data to support the many known relationships between PA measures and health-related variables.

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Submitted: 18 Jul 2023
Revision: 07 Aug 2023
Accepted: 14 Aug 2023
ePublished: 16 Dec 2023
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