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2022: Two-year Impact Factor: 4.4
Scopus Journal Metrics
CiteScore (2022): 5.3
SNIP(2022):1.389
SJR(2022): 0.78
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Health Promot Perspect. 2022;12(4): 315-324.
doi: 10.34172/hpp.2022.41
PMID: 36852205
PMCID: PMC9958236
Scopus ID: 85149229536
  Abstract View: 474
  PDF Download: 332
  Full Text View: 57

Review

Global vaccine inequities and multilateralism amid COVID-19: Reconnaissance of Global Health Diplomacy as a panacea?

Bawa Singh 1 ORCID logo, Jaspal Kaur 2, Vijay Kumar Chattu 3,4,5* ORCID logo

1 Department of South and Central Asian Studies, School of International Studies, Central University of Punjab, Bathinda, India
2 Department of Sociology, School of Social Science and Humanities, Lovely Professional University Phagwara (Punjab)-India
3 Department of Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy, Temerty Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5G 1V7, Canada
4 Center for Transdisciplinary Research, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai 600077, India
5 Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha 442107, India
*Corresponding Author: Corresponding Author: Vijay Kumar Chattu, Email: , Email: vijay.chattu@mail.utoronto.ca

Abstract

Background: The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has shown a crystal-clear warning that nobody will be safe until everybody is safe against the pandemic. However, how everyone is safe when the pandemic’s fat tail risks have broken every nerve of the global economy and healthcare facilities, including vaccine equity. Vaccine inequity has become one of the critical factors for millions of new infections and deaths during this pandemic. Against the backdrop of exponentially growing infected cases of COVID-19 along with vaccine in-equity, this paper will examine how multilateralism could play its role in mitigating vaccine equity through Global Health Diplomacy (GHD). Second, given the most affected developing countries’ lack of participation in multilateralism, could GHD be left as an option in the worst-case scenario?.

Methods: In this narrative review, a literature search was conducted in all the popular databases, such as Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed and Google search engines for the keywords in the context of developing countries and the findings are discussed in detail.

Results: In this multilateral world, the global governance institutions in health have been monopolized by the global North, leading to COVID-19 vaccine inequities. GHD aids health protection and public health and improves international relations. Besides, GHD facilitates a broad range of stakeholders’ commitment to collaborate in improving healthcare, achieving fair outcomes, achieving equity, and reducing poverty.

Conclusion: Vaccine inequity is a major challenge of the present scenario, and GHD has been partly successful in being a panacea for many countries in the global south.

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Submitted: 21 Oct 2022
Revision: 18 Dec 2022
Accepted: 18 Dec 2022
ePublished: 31 Dec 2022
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