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2022: Two-year Impact Factor: 4.4
Scopus Journal Metrics
CiteScore (2022): 5.3
SNIP(2022):1.389
SJR(2022): 0.78
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Health Promot Perspect. 2022;12(4): 336-344.
doi: 10.34172/hpp.2022.43
PMID: 36852201
PMCID: PMC9958234
Scopus ID: 85149224730
  Abstract View: 344
  PDF Download: 332
  Full Text View: 163

Scoping Review

A scoping review on the implementation of Global Observatory on Physical Activity recommendations for school children in Sub-Saharan Africa

Olusegun Olatunji Ojedoyin 1,2* ORCID logo, Thayananthee Nadasan 1 ORCID logo, Pragashnie Govender 3 ORCID logo, Oladapo Michael Olagbegi 1 ORCID logo

1 Discipline of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
2 Harvard Medical Rehabilitation Hospital, Ikorodu, Lagos, Nigeria
3 Discipline of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
*Corresponding Author: Corresponding Author: Olusegun Olatunji Ojedoyin, Email: , Email: olusegunojedoyin@gmail.com

Abstract

Background: Promoting physical activity (PA) is a critical first step in preventing and lowering the prevalence of non-communicable chronic diseases across all age groups. The Global Observatory on Physical Activity (GoPA) of the World Health Organization (WHO) suggested country-specific guidelines for promoting PA across all age categories to achieve this. However, despite an increase in obesity, there is no information on their compliance for pre-secondary school children in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We mapped evidence in the literature and described the available evidence on implementing GoPA recommendations for presecondary school children in SSA.

Methods: This scoping review included a search in PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Cochrane Library with the dates 2013–2020, using keywords and the terms (Physical activity OR exercise AND (GoPA recommendations OR Guidelines) AND ((presecondary school children) OR (primary school children) OR (basic school children) OR (children)). The most important data were tabulated.

Results: Twenty-three studies were identified of which ten were eligible for data extraction. Of these ten studies, 2 (20%) were conducted in Nigeria, 4 (40%) in South Africa, 2 (20%) in Ghana and 1(10%) each in Kenya and Senegal were extracted. None of these nations has a national plan or strategy to promote PA and reduce sedentary behaviors (SB).

Conclusion: A gap in the formulation of PA guidelines exists in SSA. Urgent action is needed for a national plan or strategy by individual country in SSA to reduce the burden of physical inactivity among school children in SSA.

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Submitted: 01 Sep 2022
Revision: 14 Dec 2022
Accepted: 16 Dec 2022
ePublished: 31 Dec 2022
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