2022: Two-year Impact Factor: 4.4
Scopus Journal Metrics
CiteScore (2022): 5.3
SJR(2022): 0.78
Open Access

Health Promot Perspect. 2022;12(1): 85-91.
doi: 10.34172/hpp.2022.11
PMID: 35854847
PMCID: PMC9277285
Scopus ID: 85133034044
  Abstract View: 721
  PDF Download: 477
  Full Text View: 203

Original Article

Problematic versus reflective use: Types of social media use as determinants of mental health among young Filipino undergraduates

Jerome Visperas Cleofas 1* ORCID logo, Julienne Celina Sicat Dayrit 1, Blulean Terosa Albao 2

1 Department of Sociology and Behavioral Sciences, De La Salle University, Manila, Philippines
2 Department of Literature, De La Salle University, Manila, Philippines
*Corresponding Author: Corresponding Author: Jerome Visperas Cleofas, Email: , Email: jerome.cleofas@dlsu. edu.ph


Background: The link between problematic social media use (SMU) and mental health among youth has been established. However, there is insufficient information on how mental health is influenced by COVID-19 pandemic-related changes and positive aspects of SMU. This study aims to determine the relationship of pandemic-related changes in SMU, and two types of SMU (problematic and reflective use) with mental health among young Filipino undergraduates.

Methods: A total of 1087 Filipino undergraduates aged 18 to 30 years old participated in this cross-sectional study. Data collection via online survey was conducted in August 2021.

Results: Findings indicate the significant association between the perceived changes in SMU and mental health among respondents (P<0.001). In terms of type of use, results suggest that students who demonstrate lower problematic SMU (B=-0.608, P<0.001, 95% CI=-0.955 – -0.259) and higher reflective SMU (B=3.524, P<0.001, 95% CI=2.051– 4.895) had higher mental wellbeing. Moreover, poorer mental wellbeing was observed among females and LGBTQ+ respondents with poorer internet quality (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Mental health among young Filipino undergraduates is influenced by pandemic-related changes and types of SMU. With the increasing necessity of social media amid the COVID-19 pandemic, mental health practitioners and advocates can increase their visibility online to promote reflective SMU as a protective factor against mental health decline.

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Submitted: 17 Jan 2022
Revision: 28 Mar 2022
Accepted: 02 Apr 2022
ePublished: 29 May 2022
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