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Submitted: 27 Jan 2021
Accepted: 22 Mar 2021
ePublished: 19 May 2021
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Health Promot Perspect. 2021;11(2): 210-218.
doi: 10.34172/hpp.2021.26
  Abstract View: 51
  PDF Download: 71

Original Article

Evaluating psychosocial and physical activity outcomes following an intervention among Filipino Americans

Aisha Bhimla 1,2* ORCID logo, Ksenia Power 1, Michael Sachs 1, Allegra Bermudez 3, Jessica Dinh 1, Nicholas San Juan 4, Grace X. Ma 2,5

1 Department of Kinesiology, College of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
2 Center for Asian Health, Lewis Katz School of Medicine, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
3 College of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
4 Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ, USA
5 Department of Clinical Sciences, Lewis Katz School of Medicine, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
*Corresponding Author: Aisha Bhimla, aisha.bhimla@temple.edu

Abstract

Background: Physical activity (PA) is a strong contributor to enhancing a healthy lifestyle and preventing numerous chronic diseases. As ethnic minorities engage in low levels of PA, psychosocial and activity-based interventions for sustaining PA are crucial.

Methods: The 6-month intervention incorporated culturally tailored educational workshops and weekly PA classes at a community center. Educational workshops were led by six trained community health workers (CHWs). Participants (n=37) completed pre- and post-intervention questionnaires regarding PA related self-efficacy, outcome expectations, social support, enjoyment, self-regulation, goal setting, and overall PA.

Results: Following the intervention, study participants exhibited increases in weekly PA levels. Wilcoxon Signed-Rank test revealed higher median scores for Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES), Identified Regulation, and Intrinsic Motivation. Positive changes were observed for Physical Outcome Expectations, Social Outcome Expectations, Self-Evaluative Outcome Expectations, Physical Activity Enjoyment, Social Support for Exercise Scale – Family, Social Support for Exercise – Friends, and Exercise Goal-Setting.

Conclusion: Community-based PA interventions may provide potential benefits to Filipino Americans, an ethnic Asian minority group, in identifying exercise benefits, developing proper exercise goals, increasing motivation, promoting PA behavior, and facilitating long-term PA adherence.

Keywords: Asian American, Physical activity, Community-based
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