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Submitted: 16 Oct 2020
Revision: 21 Nov 2020
Accepted: 21 Nov 2020
ePublished: 07 Feb 2021
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Health Promot Perspect. 2021;11(1): 80-86.
doi: 10.34172/hpp.2021.11
  Abstract View: 36
  PDF Download: 54

Original Article

Assessing the adherence to treatment among patients with cardiovascular diseases in Kermanshah, Iran

Parisa Janjani 1 ORCID logo, Mohammad Reza Majzoobi 1,2, Amir Sanjabi 3, Mojtaba Movahed 1, Alireza Rai 1, Khodamorad Momeni 3, Reza Heidari Moghadam 1, Mohammed Rouzbahani 1, Mhammadreza Saidi 1, Nahid Salehi 1* ORCID logo

1 Cardiovascular Research Center, Health Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
2 Developmental Psychology and Clinical Psychology of the Lifespan, Faculty II, University of Siegen, Adolf-Reichwein-Str. 2a D-57068, Siegen, Germany
3 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

Abstract

Background: The present study aimed to investigate the psychological determinants of
adherence to treatment among patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) referring to Imam
Ali Hospital in Kermanshah, Iran.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 227 patients (mean age=58.10, SD =
13.44) with CVDs, randomly selected amongst those admitted to Imam Ali cardiovascular center
of Kermanshah in 2018. Data were collected through Meaning in Life Questionnaire (MLQ),
the Jefferson Scale of Patient’s Perceptions of Physician Empathy (JSPPPE), the Illness Perception
Questionnaire (IPQ), and Adherence to Treatment Questionnaire. The relationships between
the criterion and predictor variables were assessed using Pearson correlation coefficient and
linear regression (stepwise method) in IBM SPSS Statistics-23.
Results: The adherence to treatment was associated with meaning in life (r=0.367), patients’
perceptions of physician empathy (r=0.218), and illness perception (r=-0.238), at the 0.01
level. Meaning in life, patient’s perceptions of physician empathy, and illness perception
explained 18.6% of the variance in adherence to treatment. Meaning in life (beta=0.367 and
P≤0.001) was the most influential predictor of adherence to treatment. Additionally, there was a
significant difference in the score of adherence to treatment by gender (23.46±4.42 for female
vs. 24.77±3.53 for male, P = 0.030).
Conclusion: The patients’ perceptions of physician empathy, meaning in life, and illness
perception were important factors to predict adherence to treatment in patients with CVDs.
Gender was a significant predictor of the adherence to treatment.
Keywords: Adherence, Treatment, Determinant, Cardiovascular diseases, Iran
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