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Submitted: 28 Sep 2020
Revision: 21 Nov 2020
Accepted: 27 Nov 2020
ePublished: 07 Feb 2021
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Health Promot Perspect. 2021;11(1): 97-108.
doi: 10.34172/hpp.2021.13
  Abstract View: 61
  PDF Download: 35

Original Article

Validity and reliability of the Iranian preterm birth experiences and satisfaction scale: A methodological and cross-sectional study

Maryam Najjarzadeh 1 ORCID logo, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi 2* ORCID logo, Shamsi Abbas-Alizadeh 3, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi 4 ORCID logo, Mojgan Mirghafourvand 5 ORCID logo, Nahid Tagipour-Amidi 6, Alexandra Sawyer 7, Susan Ayers 8

1 Student Research Committee, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Women’s Reproductive Health Research Center, Alzahra Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
5 Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
6 Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
7 School of Health Sciences, University of Brighton, Brighton, UK
8 Centre for Maternal and Child Health Research, School of Health Sciences, City, University of London, UK

Abstract

Background: Women’s experience and satisfaction with childbirth care are increasingly being
addressed by health care providers, managers, and policymakers. Due to need for a validated
special scale for assessing satisfaction of women with preterm birth, we aimed to translate and
adapt the first specific tool, Preterm Birth Experiences and Satisfaction Scale (P-BESS), into
Persian language and evaluate its psychometric properties.
Methods: A methodological and cross-sectional study was conducted in two tertiary levels of
maternal hospitals in Tabriz. The Iranian version of the scale was developed from the original
English version using forward-backward translation. After confirmation of its face and content
validity, the scale was completed by 201 women who had given birth prematurely.
Results: Exploratory factor analysis revealed three factors (staff professionalism and empathy,
confidence in Staff, information and explanations) with eigenvalues greater than 1, explaining
a total variance of 55.4%. Confirmatory factory analysis showed that the 17-item, three
factor model fitted the data well: the root mean square error of approximation 0.060. There
were moderate correlations between the total and sub-scales of Iranian P-BESS and overall
satisfaction (r = 0.45 to 0.66), as well as need for improvement (r = -0.46 to -0.61), which
confirm convergent validity. Internal consistency and test–retest reliability of the scale and its
sub-scales were satisfactory (α = 0.852 to 0.922, intraclass correlation coefficient; 0.83 to 0.92).
Conclusion: The Iranian version of P-BESS is a valid and reliable scale which can be used by
policy makers, managers, health care providers and researchers.
Keywords: Patient satisfaction, Premature birth, Psychometrics, Validation study, Iran
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