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Submitted: 20 Jun 2020
Revision: 14 Jul 2020
Accepted: 14 Jul 2020
ePublished: 07 Nov 2020
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Health Promot Perspect. 2020;10(4): 359-365.
doi: 10.34172/hpp.2020.54
  Abstract View: 297
  PDF Download: 75

Original Article

Global policy responses to the COVID-19 pandemic: proportionate adaptation and policy experimentation: a study of country policy response variation to the COVID-19 pandemic

Arlina Dewi 1 ORCID logo, Achmad Nurmandi 2* ORCID logo, Erna Rochmawati 3, Eko Priyo Purnomo 2 ORCID logo, Muhammad Dimas Rizqi 2, Abitassha Azzahra 2 ORCID logo, Samantha Benedictos 2 ORCID logo, Wahdania Suardi 2 ORCID logo, Dyah Tri Kusuma Dewi 1

1 Master of Hospital Administration, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
2 Jusuf Kalla School of Government, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
3 School of Nursing, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Abstract

Background: Concern for the development of actions against COVID-19 has continued to
grow since February 2020. Government responses remain a crucial part of preventing virus
transmission through policy formulation and strengthening national capacity.

Methods: This study has used quantitative analysis, using secondary data from 177 countries.
The variables consist of Global Health Security (GHS) category and COVID-19 pandemic.
An analysis of the appropriateness of the government’s policy response in dealing with the
COVID-19 pandemic was carried out by comparing the two variables.
Results: The study indicated a significant relationship between global health security category
and pandemic score (P < 0.01). There were 37 countries out of 177 (20.9%) categorized as
under-reaction and least-reaction.
Conclusion: Pandemic COVID-19 score, rated based on doubling time, is directly significant
with the health security category. The government should improve its responsiveness and
preparation to improve national capacity during the novel coronavirus pandemic.

Keywords: COVID-19, Pandemic, Policy
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