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Submitted: 08 May 2020
Revision: 31 Jul 2020
Accepted: 04 Aug 2020
ePublished: 07 Nov 2020
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Health Promot Perspect. 2020;10(4): 338-348.
doi: 10.34172/hpp.2020.52
  Abstract View: 77
  PDF Download: 48

Systematic Review

The role of a cosmetologist in the area of health promotion and health education: A systematic review

Monika Michalak 1* ORCID logo

1 Institute of Medical Sciences, Collegium Medicum, Jan Kochanowski University, Kielce, Poland

Abstract

Background: Contemporary cosmetology, apart from beautifying and caring for the human body, deals also with prevention aimed at maintaining health and physical fitness as long as possible. The profession of a cosmetologist so understood is closely related to the modern concept of health promotion, the part of which is health education. The objective of this review was to evaluate whether a cosmetologist may be a health promoter, and whether a beauty salon mayserve as a place for conducting educational programs.

Methods: A systematic review was done using several electronic databases such as PubMed(including MEDLINE), Web of Science Core Collection, Scopus, Embase, and Academic Search Ultimate (EBSCO) and related keywords. The studies published in English between 2008and 2018 which had specifically mentioned the role of a cosmetologist in the area of health promotion and health education were included.

Results: In total, 7 articles met the study criteria. It was found that cosmetologists have the potential to promote pro-health activities. The results of this review also suggest that beauty salons are suitable places for increasing pro-health awareness and can be successfully used to conduct educational programs about healthy lifestyle, as well as skin, breast and cervical cancer prevention.

Conclusion: A well-educated and aware of health risks cosmetologist seems to be the right person to transmit and spread knowledge about the proper lifestyle in her workplace and the local environment. A beauty salon, as a place of social interaction, may constitute an area of implementation of pro-health educational programs.

Keywords: Beauty salons, Health education, Health promotion, Prevention, Women
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