2022: Two-year Impact Factor: 4.4
Scopus Journal Metrics
CiteScore (2022): 5.3
SJR(2022): 0.78
Open Access

Health Promot Perspect. 2020;10(3): 230-237.
doi: 10.34172/hpp.2020.36
PMID: 32802759
PMCID: PMC7420162
Scopus ID: 85090617368
  Abstract View: 2083
  PDF Download: 888
  Full Text View: 603

Original Article

Personality traits, dieting self-efficacy and health behaviors in emerging adult women: implications for health promotion and education

Małgorzata Obara-Gołębiowska 1 ORCID logo, Justyna Michałek-Kwiecień 2* ORCID logo

1 Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychology of Developement and Education, University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
2 Institute of Psychology, University of Gdańsk, Poland
*Corresponding Author: *Corresponding Author: Justyna Michałek-Kwiecień, Email:, Email: justyna.michalek-kwiecien@ug.edu.pl


Background: The purpose of this study was to explore the associations between personality traits and dieting self-efficacy as well as health behaviors among emerging adult women.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the sample consisted of 161 participants in age from19 to 25 years, who were administered the NEO-Five-Factor Inventory, the Health BehaviorsInventory (HBI), and the Dieting Self-Efficacy Scale (DIET-SE).

Results: Our findings indicated that personality traits explained both health behaviors and dieting self-efficacy (F = 6.21, df = 5,155, P<0.001, F = 6.42, df = 5,155, P<0.001, respectively).Neuroticism (B = -0.45, P<0.01) and agreeableness (B = 0.39, P<0.01) were investigated as significant predictors of females’ health behaviors, whereas extraversion (B = -0.40, P<0.001),agreeableness (B = 0.20, P<0.05), and conscientiousness (B = 0.33, P<0.01) were related to dieting self-efficacy. In addition, the results suggested the mediational effect of dieting self efficacy in the relationship between personality traits (i.e., consciousness and agreeableness)and general health behaviors.

Conclusion: The role of personality traits for dieting self-efficacy as well as physical health among emerging adult women was confirmed. As dieting self-efficacy turned out to be a mediation factor, the findings may be used in psychoeducation for patients.

First Name
Last Name
Email Address
Security code

Abstract View: 2084

Your browser does not support the canvas element.

PDF Download: 888

Your browser does not support the canvas element.

Full Text View: 603

Your browser does not support the canvas element.

Submitted: 04 Mar 2020
Accepted: 25 Apr 2020
ePublished: 12 Jul 2020
EndNote EndNote

(Enw Format - Win & Mac)

BibTeX BibTeX

(Bib Format - Win & Mac)

Bookends Bookends

(Ris Format - Mac only)

EasyBib EasyBib

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Medlars Medlars

(Txt Format - Win & Mac)

Mendeley Web Mendeley Web
Mendeley Mendeley

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Papers Papers

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

ProCite ProCite

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Reference Manager Reference Manager

(Ris Format - Win only)

Refworks Refworks

(Refworks Format - Win & Mac)

Zotero Zotero

(Ris Format - Firefox Plugin)