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Submitted: 04 Mar 2020
Accepted: 25 Apr 2020
ePublished: 12 Jul 2020
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Health Promot Perspect. 2020;10(3): 230-237.
doi: 10.34172/hpp.2020.36
PMID: 32802759
PMCID: PMC7420162
Scopus ID: 85090617368
  Abstract View: 234
  PDF Download: 167
  Full Text View: 65

Original Article

Personality traits, dieting self-efficacy and health behaviors in emerging adult women: implications for health promotion and education

Małgorzata Obara-Gołębiowska 1 ORCID logo, Justyna Michałek-Kwiecień 2* ORCID logo

1 Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychology of Developement and Education, University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
2 Institute of Psychology, University of Gdańsk, Poland
*Corresponding Author: Justyna Michałek-Kwiecień, Email: justyna.michalek-kwiecien@ug.edu.pl

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to explore the associations between personality traits and dieting self-efficacy as well as health behaviors among emerging adult women.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the sample consisted of 161 participants in age from19 to 25 years, who were administered the NEO-Five-Factor Inventory, the Health BehaviorsInventory (HBI), and the Dieting Self-Efficacy Scale (DIET-SE).

Results: Our findings indicated that personality traits explained both health behaviors and dieting self-efficacy (F = 6.21, df = 5,155, P<0.001, F = 6.42, df = 5,155, P<0.001, respectively).Neuroticism (B = -0.45, P<0.01) and agreeableness (B = 0.39, P<0.01) were investigated as significant predictors of females’ health behaviors, whereas extraversion (B = -0.40, P<0.001),agreeableness (B = 0.20, P<0.05), and conscientiousness (B = 0.33, P<0.01) were related to dieting self-efficacy. In addition, the results suggested the mediational effect of dieting self efficacy in the relationship between personality traits (i.e., consciousness and agreeableness)and general health behaviors.

Conclusion: The role of personality traits for dieting self-efficacy as well as physical health among emerging adult women was confirmed. As dieting self-efficacy turned out to be a mediation factor, the findings may be used in psychoeducation for patients.

Keywords: Personality, Self-efficacy, Health behavior, Female, Young Adult, Health promotion
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Abstract View: 234

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PDF Download: 167

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Full Text View: 65

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