Health Promot Perspect. 2020;10(2): 135-141.
doi: 10.34172/hpp.2020.22
PMID: 32296626
PMCID: PMC7146044
Scopus ID: 85084393822
  Abstract View: 741
  PDF Download: 441
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Original Article

A cross-sectional study to investigate motivation for physical activity in a sample of Iranian community-dwelling older adults

Seyed Alireza Derakhshanrad 1,2* ORCID logo, Emily Piven 3, Bahareh Zeynalzadeh Ghoochani 1

1 Department of Occupational Therapy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2 Rehabilitation Sciences Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences, St. Augustine, Florida, USA
*Corresponding Author: Seyed Alireza Derakhshanrad, Email: derakhshan@sums.ac.ir


Background: On the basis of the Social-Ecological Model, there are assumed to be three sources of motivation – intrapersonal, interpersonal, and community motivation – that prompt older adults to participate in physical activity (PA). These three motivational sources can lead to PA behavior adherence. Little empirical research exists that investigates which motivational source is more influential in older adults’ adherence to PA, thus creating an area of interest for this research.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was used to investigate the relationship between levels of PA and different sources of motivation. The convenience sample of 140 community-dwelling older adults, aged 60 and greater, living in Shiraz, Iran agreed to complete self-reported questionnaires,to measure motivation and PA. Five statistical tests were used: Independent-samples t test, one way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, chi-square, and ordinal regression.

Results: Ordinal regression indicated that gender (P = 0.001, CI: 0.523-2.115) and intrapersonal motivation (P < 0.001, CI: 0.038-0.126) were useful predictors of variations in the levels of PA. Compared to males, females engaged in PA with less frequency (P = 0.006). Community motivation decreased with age (r = - 0.213, P < 0.05). There were no significant relationships between age, educational level, health status, and PA (P > 0.05).

Conclusion: Interpersonal and community motivation were insignificant factors for PA participation, perhaps due to non-facilitating environment. Future research should be conducted to investigate the environmental issues that hinder PA participation in older adults.

Keywords: Elderly, Facility access, Environmental barriers, Physical activity
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Submitted: 24 Oct 2019
Accepted: 13 Feb 2020
ePublished: 30 Mar 2020
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