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Submitted: 30 Nov 2018
Revision: 28 Mar 2019
Accepted: 30 Mar 2019
ePublished: 25 May 2019
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Health Promot Perspect. 2019;9(2): 150-155.
doi: 10.15171/hpp.2019.21
PMID: 31249803
PMCID: PMC6588805
Scopus ID: 85066830387
  Abstract View: 214
  PDF Download: 182
  Full Text View: 121

Short Communication

Intra-urban patterns of neighborhood-level social capital: a pilot study

Jaron King 1 * , Cassidy A. Hine 1, Tessa Washburn 1, Hunter Montgomery 2, Robert A. Chaney 1 * ORCID logo

1 Department of Public Health, Brigham Young University, Provo, USA
2 College of Fine Arts and Communications, Brigham Young University, Provo, USA

Abstract

Background: Social capital is a construct of interaction and social trust in one’s fellow community members. These interactions can provide a safety net for individuals in terms of information, social support, and adherence to social norms. While a number of studies have previously examined the relationship between social capital and health outcomes, few have examined the theparallel relationship of social capital and geographic “place” with respect to health outcomes. Methods: Considering social capital as facilitated by specific structures, we evaluate the relationship between neighborhood-level social capital and disability rates in a major Southern US city. Disability rates were collected through neighborhood-level data via the AmericanCommunity Survey (ACS) and compared to a geocoded map of neighborhood-level social capital measures during spring, 2016. Results: Higher social capital within a neighborhood coincided with lower disability rates in that neighborhood (r=-0.14, P=0.016) when compared to random assortment models. Conclusion: Findings from this research add evidence to the value of the built environment, not only providing resources and shaping choices, but for facilitating important social relationships.
Keywords: Social environments, Urban spatial distributions, Neighborhood, Urban health, Social support
Citation: King J, Hine CA, Washburn T, Montgomery H, Chaney RA. Intra-urban patterns of neighborhood-level social capital: a pilot study.Health Promot Perspect. 2019;9(2):150-155. doi: 10.15171/hpp.2019.21.
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Abstract View: 214

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