Health Promot Perspect. 2015;5(2): 138-146.
doi: 10.15171/hpp.2015.016
PMID: 26290829
PMCID: PMC4539052
  Abstract View: 1517
  PDF Download: 785

Original Research

Determinants of Cancer Early Detection Behaviors:Application of Protection Motivation Theory

Zohreh Rahaei 1, Fazlolah Ghofranipour 1*, Mohammadali Morowatisharifabad 2, Eesa Mohammadi 3

1 Department of Health Education, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Health Education, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Yazd, Iran
3 Department of Nursing, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran


Background: Cancer is account for 13% of all deaths around the world and is the third cause of mortality in Iran. More than one third of these cases are pre-ventable and about 33% are curable with early detection. The aim of this study was to determine the predictors of cancer early detection (CED) behaviors ap-plying Protection Motivation Theory (PMT).

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, cluster sampling method was employed to recruit 260 individuals of above 20 years old in Yazd, Iran and a researcher designed questionnaire was completed through interviews for each of the respondents. PMT theoretical variables and CED behaviors were the basis of data collection procedure.

Results: Participants acquired 64.47% of the protection motivation, 30.97% of the passive and 45.64% of the active behaviors‟ possible scores. Theory con-structs predicted 19.8%, 15.6% and 9.6% of the variations for protection moti-vation, passive and active behavior respectively. Protection motivation was re-sponsible for 3.6% of passive and 8% of active behaviors‟ variations.

Conclusion: Considering the scarceness of CED behaviors and the applicability of PMT in predicting these behaviors, utilization of the PMT‟s constructs in any interventional programs to accelerate CED behaviors could be an alternate methodological choice in the cancer control initiatives.

Keywords: Cancer Early Detection, Behavior, Protection Motivation Theory
Citation: Rahaei Z, Ghofranipour F, Morowatisharifabad MA, Mohammadi E. Determinants of Cancer Early Detec-tion Behaviors: An Application of Protection Motivation Theory. Health Promot Perspect 2015; 5(2): 138-146.
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Submitted: 18 Sep 2014
Accepted: 10 Feb 2015
ePublished: 07 Jul 2015
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