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Health Promot Perspect. 2013;3(2): 255-260.
doi: 10.5681/hpp.2013.029
PMID: 24688975
PMCID: PMC3963671
  Abstract View: 1388
  PDF Download: 653

Original Research

Stress and Nutritional Status of Individuals in Uttarakhand, North­ern India: Differential Effect of Gender

Vallari T. Kukreti, Anju T. Bisht*
*Corresponding Author: Email: dr.anjuthathola@rediffmail.com

Abstract

Background: Uttarakhand, Northern India is facing challenges in the issues concerning public health. Hence, researches identifying the stressors and nutritional factors influencing health are encouraged. This study attempts to assess the stress levels and nutritional status. Gender differences are also measured in the same. Methods: Stress and nutritional status related information was gathered (Nov, 2012-June, 2013) from 118 individuals residing in Uttarakhand state. Stress level was assessed using Personal Stress Score Inventory. Anthropometric details and dietary intake (3 day food recall method) were collected. Nutrient intake were calculated and compared with recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for Indians. T-test and Chi-square (X2) were performed to measure the gender difference in studied variables. Results: 66.6% of females and 85.4% of males reported moderate stress (31-79). Males were seen to be more stressed then females, though no significant difference was seen. A significant difference in BMI (Body mass Index) was seen between males (24.1 kg/m2) and females (21.5 kg/m2). The study sample was found to be deficient in iron and zinc when compared with RDA. Females suffering from various level of stress had significantly lower levels of energy, protein, zinc than males. Conclusion: Majority of subjects were suffering from moderate level of stress. The anthropometric status of subjects was good, though females showed significantly lower intake of nutrients compared to men. Poor intake of iron and zinc points towards a possibility of hidden hunger. Hence, psychological and nutritional counseling may be required.
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Submitted: 08 Jan 2014
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