Health Promot Perspect. 2013;3(2): 137-146.
doi: 10.5681/hpp.2013.017
PMID: 24688963
PMCID: PMC3963661
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Original Research

A Group Intervention for HIV/STI Risk Reduction among Indian Couples

Ritu Nehra, Rashmi Bagga, Deborah Jones*, Deepika Deepika, Sunil Sethi, Sunil Sharma, Stephen M. Weiss
*Corresponding Author: Email: djones@med.miami.edu


Background: HIV in India is transmitted primarily by heterosexual contact. The present study sought to test the feasibility of a group HIV/STI risk reduction intervention among heterosexual couples in India. Methods: Focus groups and key informant interviews were used in 2008 to cul-turally tailor the intervention. Thirty sexually active and HIV/STI negative couples were enrolled and assessed regarding risk behavior and sexual barrier acceptability. Gender-concordant group sessions used cognitive behavioral strategies for HIV/STI prevention.Results: At baseline, male condom use was low (36%); no participants reported use of female condoms or vaginal gels. HIV knowledge was low; women had more HIV knowledge and more positive attitudes towards condom use than men. Post-intervention, willingness to use all barrier products (t = 10.0, P< .001) and intentions to avoid risk behavior increased (t = 5.62, P< .001). Conclusion: This study illustrates the feasibility of utilizing a group intervention to enhance HIV/STI risk reduction among Indian couples.
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Submitted: 07 Jan 2014
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