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Health Promot Perspect. 2015;5(4): 241-249.
doi: 10.15171/hpp.2015.029
PMID: 26933643
PMCID: PMC4772794
  Abstract View: 1242
  PDF Download: 655

Original Research

Smoke-Free Universities Help Students Avoid Establishing Smoking by Means of Facilitating Quitting

Tatiana I Andreeva 1*, Galina A Ananjeva 2, Natalia A Daminova 2, Tatiana V Leontieva 2, Louise K Khakimova 2

1 National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Kiev, Ukraine
2 Municipal center for addictions prevention 'Choice', Kazan, Russian Federation

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to clarify whether smoke-free policies affect the initiation or the quit­ting of smoking among young adults. 
Methods: In this natural quasi-experiment study, three universities with different enforcement of smoke-free policies were considered in Kazan City, Russian Federation. Exposure data were collected in 2008-2009 through measurement of particulate matter concentrations in typical sets of premises in each university to distinguish smoke-free universities (SFU) and those not smoke-free (NSFU). All present third year students were surveyed in class in April-June 2011. Number of valid questionnaires equaled 635. The questionnaire was adapted from the Health Professions Students Survey and con­tained questions on smoking initiation, current tobacco use, willingness to quit, quit attempts, percep­tion of smoke-free policies enforcement, and the demographic data. 
Results: Among students of SFU, the percentage of current smokers was smaller than in NSFU: 42% vs. 64% in men and 32% vs. 43% in women. Prevalence of daily smoking was 11-12% in SFU, 26% in NSFU overall and 42% among male students. No advantage of SFU in limiting smoking initiation was found. Percentage of former smokers in SFU was 33% vs. 10% in NSFU. Among current smokers, 57% expressed willingness to quit in SFU and only 28% in NSFU. About 60% of current smokers in SFU attempted to quit within a year and only 36% did so in NSFU with 23% vs. 3% having done three or more attempts. 
Conclusion: Smoke-free universities help young adults to avoid establishing regular smoking by means of facilitating quitting smoking.
Keywords: students, university, Tobacco smoke, Russian Federation
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Submitted: 26 Dec 2015
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