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Submitted: 17 Sep 2015
First published online: 30 Jan 2016
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Health Promot Perspect. 2015;5(4):250-260.
doi: 10.15171/hpp.2015.030
PMID: 26933644
PMCID: PMC4772795
  Abstract View: 1051
  PDF Download: 792

Original Research

Development and Psychometric Evaluation of a Socioeconomic Status Questionnaire for Urban Households (SESIran): The Primary Version

Omid Abobakri 1, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani 2 * , Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi 3, Mohammadbagher alizadeh-Aghdam 4, Ali Imani 5, Jafarsadegh Tabrizi 6, Shaker Salarilak 7, Mostafa Farahbakhsh 8

1 Department of Biostatistics & Epidemiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Statistics & Epidemiology Department, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Medical Education Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Department of Social Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
5 Iranian Center of Health Management (IceHM), Department of Health Services Management, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
6 Department of Health Services Management, Health Services Management Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
7 Department of Public Health, Islamic Azad University of Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran
8 Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Background: The aim of present study was to develop and validate an appropriate socioeconomic status (SES) assessment questionnaire to be used through health studies in Iranian urban households.
Methods: The study was conducted through a mixed method study design in Tabriz, northwest of Iran in 2014. It was conducted in several stages including: development of initial version, qualitative study, feasibility evaluation, and assessment of the validity as well as the reliability. The internal con­sistency, test-retest reliability, content validity, concurrent validity and construct validity were assessed.
Results: With respect to the assessment of construct validity, 5 domains (factors) were extracted includ­ing: main factor (α=0.84), self-evaluation of expenditure capacity (α=0.96), wealth (α=0.70), home and furniture (α=0.66) and costs related to health (α=0.55). Intraclass correlation coefficient was above 0.6 for all factors except for wealth domain.
Conclusion: The questionnaire developed appeared to be a valid and reliable SES assessment tool. It may be of value to be used not only as a complementary questionnaire in most health surveys or clini­cal studies, but also as a main questionnaire in health equity and health economics research.
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