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Health Promot Perspect. 2015;5(2): 81-91.
doi: 10.15171/hpp.2015.010
PMID: 26290823
PMCID: PMC4539053
  Abstract View: 1272
  PDF Download: 759

Review

Tobacco Use Prevention by Integrating inside and outside of School Based Programs: a Systematic Review

Fariba Khayyati 1, Hamid Allahverdipour 2,3, Abdolreza Shaghaghi 3*, Zahra Fathifar 4

1 Health Services Management Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Clinical Psychiatry Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Department of Health Education & Promotion, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Central Library of the Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Department of Health Education & Promotion, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran shaghaghir@tbzmed.ac.ir

Abstract

Background: Experience of tobacco use in early ages will increase probability of addiction to nicotine therefore, efficient tobacco control programs for teenagers are crucial. This study was conducted to recognize elements of successful integrated inside and outside of school based smoking prevention programs.

Methods: MeSH terms and related keywords were used to search PubMed, Cochrane, Medline, EMBASE, ERIC, SID databases from inception to 29th October 2013. Trials with random and non-random designs, systematic reviews and cohort studies that assessed or reported application of integrated tobacco control programs were included. Quality of the retrieved publications was checked independently by the authors and any disagreement was resolved by consensus.

Result: Among the 745 identified publications, only 15 studies had the inclusion criteria with a considerable methodological heterogeneity. While, precise out-come of integrated out of school/school-based interventions were not percepti-ble but this study’s findings implied that outside of school intervention could strengthen school-based tobacco prevention programs. No study was found to examine school-based interventions integrated with primary health care such as anti-tobacco consultations, high-risk students screening and their referral to special centers.

Conclusion: Integration of outside and inside of school-based programs may boost probability of obtaining favorable outcomes and success rate in practice.

Keywords: Tobacco, Prevention, School, Systematic Review
Citation: Khayyati F, Allahverdipour H, Shaghaghi A, Fathifar Z. Tobacco Use Prevention by Integrating Inside and Outside of School Based Programs: A Systematic Review Article. Health Promot Perspect 2015; 5(2): 81-91.
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Submitted: 04 Apr 2015
Accepted: 01 Jul 2015
ePublished: 07 Jul 2015
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