Submitted: 28 Feb 2015
Accepted: 24 May 2015
First published online: 07 Jul 2015
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Health Promot Perspect. 2015;5(2):98-103.
doi: 10.15171/hpp.2015.012
PMID: 26290825
PMCID: PMC4539055
  Abstract View: 824
  PDF Download: 434

Original Research

Evaluation of the Iranian Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form in Community-dwelling Elderly

Aida Malek Mahdavi 1, Reza Mahdavi 2 * , Mohammad Lotfipour 3, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi 4, Elnaz Faramarzi 5

1 Students’ Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Nutrition Research Centre, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Department of Biochemistry & Nutrition Therapy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Road Traffic Injury Prevention Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
5 Liver and Gastrointestinal Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Background: This study was aimed to assess agreement and diagnostic accuracy of the Iranian version of Mini Nutritional Assessment short-form (MNA-SF) against the original MNA, as a gold standard in community-dwelling elderly.

Methods: The full MNA and 9-item MNA-SF comprising questions regarding clinical status, dietary assessment and self-perception of health status and nutri-tion together with mid-arm and calf circumference measurements without in-cluding the body mass index (BMI) were completed for 205 volunteers aged 65 or older recruited from all over Markazi Province (Iran). Correlation, diagnostic accuracy and agreement between the MNA-SF and full MNA were calculated.

Results: The MNA and the MNA-SF classified 45.4% and 64.4% of the sub-jects as malnourished or at risk of malnutrition, respectively. Substantial agree-ment between the MNA-SF and full MNA was observed (Kappa=0.633). The MNA-SF correlated strongly with the full MNA (r=0.868, P<0.001). The MNA-SF showed high sensitivity (96.77%) and negative predictive values (95.89%), relatively high specificity (62.5%) and positive predictive values (68.18%) and fair accuracy (Area under curve =0.796).

Conclusion: Iranian MNA-SF seems to be an applicable screening tool for quick detection of malnutrition or at risk of malnutrition in community-dwelling elderly especially when BMI is unavailable.


Citation:Malek Mahdavi A, Mahdavi R, Lotfipour M, Asghari Jafarabadi M, Faramarzi E. Evaluation of the Iranian Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form in Community-dwelling Elderly. Health Promot Perspect 2015; 5(2): 98-103.
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