eISSN: 2228-6497  
Submitted: 24 Nov 2016
Revised: 16 Dec 2016
Accepted: 18 Dec 2016
First published online: 05 Mar 2017
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Abstract Page Views: 276
PDF Downloads: 270
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Health Promot Perspect. 2017;7(2):102-105.
doi: 10.15171/hpp.2017.18
PMID: 28326291
PMCID: PMC5350547

Short Communication

Applying a new theory to smoking cessation: case of multi-theory model (MTM) for health behavior change

Manoj Sharma 1,2, Jagdish Khubchandani 3, Vinayak K. Nahar 4 *

1 Behavioral & Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Jackson State University, Jackson, MS, USA
2 College of Health Sciences, Walden University, Minneapolis, MN, USA
3 Department of Physiology and Health Science, Ball State University, Muncie, IN, USA
4 Department of Health, Physical Education, and Exercise Science, Lincoln Memorial University, Harrogate, TN, USA

Abstract

Background: Smoking continues to be a public health problem worldwide. Smoking and tobacco use are associated with cardiovascular diseases that include coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, cerebrovascular disease, and abdominal aortic aneurysm. Programs for quitting smoking have played a significant role in reduction of smoking in the United States. The smoking cessation interventions include counseling, nicotine replacement therapy, buproprion therapy, and varenicline therapy. The success rates with each of these approaches vary with clear need for improvement. Moreover, there is a need for a robust theory that can guide smoking cessation counseling interventions and increase the success rates. A fourth generation approach using multi-theory model (MTM) of health behavior change is introduced in this article for smoking cessation. An approach for developing and evaluating an intervention for smoking cessation is presented along with a measurement tool.

Methods: A literature review reifying the MTM of health behavior change for smoking cessation has been presented. An instrument designed to measure constructs of MTM and associated smoking cessation behavior has been developed.

Results: The instrument developed is available for validation, reliability and prediction study pertaining to smoking cessation. The intervention is available for testing in a randomized control trial involving smokers.

Conclusion: MTM is a robust theory that holds promise for testing and application to smoking cessation.

Citation: Sharma M, Khubchandani J, Nahar VK. Applying a new theory to smoking cessation: case of multi-theory model (MTM) for healthbehavior change. Health Promot Perspect. 2017;7(2):102-105. doi: 10.15171/hpp.2017.18.
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