Submitted: 23 Feb 2016
Accepted: 01 Mar 2016
First published online: 31 Mar 2016
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Health Promot Perspect. 2016;6(1):17-22.
doi: 10.15171/hpp.2016.03
PMID: 27123432
PMCID: PMC4847110
  Abstract View: 857
  PDF Download: 1044
  Full Text View: 452

Original Article

Working posture and its predictors in hospital operating room nurses

Farahnaz Abdollahzade 1, Fariba Mohammadi 1, Iman Dianat 2,3 * , Elnaz Asghari 1, Mohammad Asghari- Jafarabadi 4, Zahra Sokhanvar 1

1 Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Occupational Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Human Factors Research Group, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
4 Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran


Background: This study was conducted to evaluate working posture of operating room nurses and its relationship with demographic and job details of this group.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 147 operating room nurses in Tabriz,Iran using a questionnaire and the Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) checklist. The datawere analyzed with SPSS.16 using t test, Pearson correlation coefficient and analysis of variance(ANOVA) tests for univariate analysis and the linear regression test for multivariate analysis.

Results: The mean (SD) of REBA score was 7.7 (1.9), which means a high risk level and highlights an urgent need to change the working postures of the studied nurses. There was significant relationship between working posture and age (P = 0.003), gender (P = 0.003), regular daily exercise (P = 0.048), work experience (P = 0.003), number of shifts per month (P = 0.006) and type of operating rooms (P < 0.001) in univariate analyses. Gender and type of operating room were the predictors of working posture of nurses in multivariate analysis.

Conclusion: The findings highlight the need for ergonomic interventions and educational programs to improve working posture of this study population, which can consequently lead to promotion of health and well-being of this group.

Citation: Abdollahzade F, Mohammadi F, Dianat I, Asghari E, Asghari-Jafarabadi M, Sokhanvar Z. Working posture and its predictors in hospital operating room nurses. Health Promot Perspect. 2016;6(1):17-22. doi: 10.15171/hpp.2016.03.
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