Submitted: 07 Dec 2017
Revised: 01 Mar 2018
Accepted: 03 Mar 2018
First published online: 18 Apr 2018
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Health Promot Perspect. 2018;8(2):127-132.
doi: 10.15171/hpp.2018.16
PMID: 29744308
PMCID: PMC5935816
  Abstract View: 59
  PDF Download: 80

Original Article

Population-based epidemiology of non-fatal injuries in Tehran, Iran

Esmatolsadat Hashemi 1, Mahdi Zangi 2, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani 3 * , Joaquim Soares 1, Eija Viitasara 1, Reza Mohammadi 4

1 Department of Health Sciences, Unit for Public Health Science, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden
2 Tracheal Diseases Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Department of Statistics & Epidemiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Unit for Family Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract

Background: Our aim in this survey was to explore descriptive epidemiology of injuries in Tehran in 2012 and to report the recalled estimates of injury incidence rates.Methods: A population survey was conducted in Tehran during 2012, within which a total of 8626 participants were enrolled. The cluster sampling was used to draw samples in 100 clusters with a pre-specified cluster size of 25 households per cluster. Data were collected on demographic features, accident and injury characteristics based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD10).Results: A total of 618 injuries per 3 months were reported, within which 597 cases (96.6%)were unintentional injuries. More than 82% of all injuries were those caused by exposure to inanimate mechanical forces, traffic accidents, falls and burns. Above 80% of the traffic injuries happened among men (P<0.001). About 43% of the unintentional injuries were mild injuries.After the age of 40, women, unlike men, had higher risks for being injured. The estimated annual incidence rate for all types of injuries was 284.8 per 1000 (95% CI: 275.4-294.4) and for unintentional injuries was 275.2 per 1000.Conclusion: Injuries are major health problems in Tehran with a highly reported incidence. The status is not substantially improved over the recent years which urges the need to be adequately and emergently addressed. As the incidence rate was estimated based on participant recalls, the real incidence rate may even be higher than those reported in the current study.
Citation:  Hashemi E, Zangi M, Sadeghi-Bazargani H, Soares J, Viitasara E, Mohammadi R. Population-based epidemiology of non-fatal injuries in Tehran, Iran. Health Promot Perspect. 2018;8(2):127-132. doi: 10.15171/hpp.2018.16.
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